Molar absorptivities (ε) and spectral and colorimetric characteristics of purple sweet potato anthocyanins.


The Ohio State University, Dept of Food Science and Technology, 2015 Fyffe Ct., Columbus, OH 43210-1007, United States. Electronic address: [Email]


Purple sweet potato, a source of acylated cyanidin and peonidin derivatives, is commercially available as a food colorant. Our objectives were to determine molar absorptivities (ε), spectral and colorimetric properties of purple sweet potato anthocyanins. Anthocyanins were isolated by semi-preparative HPLC, weighed, dried, and redissolved in acidic methanol or water. Anthocyanins were diluted in pH 1-9; ε, spectra, and color were measured on the methanolic and aqueous solutions. Higher ε were obtained in 0.1% HCl methanol (10,797-31,257 L/(mol × cm)) than in aqueous solution pH 1 (8861-24,303 L/(mol × cm)). Peonidin-3-sophoroside-5-glucoside had greatest ε in pH 1, but in alkaline pH, ε of acylated Peonidin-3-sophoroside-5-glucoside derivatives were greatest. Generally monoacylation decreased ε while diacylation increased ε. Location of acylation also affected ε of two Peonidin isomers (pH 1: 15,999 and 21,011 L/(mol × cm)). All anthocyanins expressed red-pink hues (330°-13.2°) in acidic pH and blues (230°-262°) in alkaline pH.


Color,Cyanidin,Ipomoea batatas,Molar extinction coefficient,Peonidin,