Multi-morbidity burden, psychological distress, and quality of life in implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients: Results from a nationwide study.


Division of Cardiology, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Gill Heart Institute, 800 Rose St, Lexington, KY 40536, United States. Electronic address: [Email]


The prevalence of multi-morbidity in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients is approximately 25%. Multi-morbidity is associated with poor health and psychological outcomes in this population and may affect ICD recipients' quality-of-life (QOL). The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of psychological distress (anxiety, depressive symptoms, and Type-D personality) in ICD recipients with varying levels of comorbidities, and to examine the association between multi-morbidity burden and QOL in this population.


Cardiac devices,Implantable cardioverter defibrillator,Multi-morbidity,Psychological,Quality-of-life,