Multifunctional nanotheranostic gold nanocages for photoacoustic imaging guided radio/photodynamic/photothermal synergistic therapy.

Affiliation

CAS Key Laboratory of Nano-Bio Interface, Division of Nanobiomedicine, CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this work, we developed a novel multifunctional nanoplatform based on hyaluronic acid modified Au nanocages (AuNCs-HA). The rational design of AuNCs-HA renders the nanoplatform three functionalities: (1) AuNCs-HA with excellent LSPR peak in the NIR region act as contrast agent for enhanced photoacoustic (PA) imaging and photothermal therapy (PTT); (2) the nanoplatform with high-energy rays (X-ray) absorption and auger electrons generation acts as a radiosensitizer for radiotherapy; (3) good photocatalytic property and large surface area make AuNCs-HA a photosensitive agent for photodynamic therapy (PDT). In vivo results demonstrated that AuNCs-HA presented excellent PA imaging performance after intravenous injection, which provided contour, size, and location information of the tumor. Moreover, because AuNCs-HA could combine radiotherapy and phototherapy together, the tumors treated with AuNCs-HA showed complete growth inhibition, comparing to that with each therapy alone. Taken together, our present study demonstrates that AuNCs-HA is of great potential as a multifunctional nanoplatform for PA imaging-guided radio- and photo-therapy of tumor. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: In this study, a commendable theranostic nanoplatform based on hyaluronic acid modified AuNCs (AuNCs-HA) was developed. In our approach, the dilute solution of Gold(III) chloride is slowly dripped into Ag nanocubes solution, then the Au nanocages were obtained by redox reaction, and followed by HA modification. We explored them, simultaneously, as radiosensitizers for RT, photosensitizers for PDT, and therapeutic agents for PTT. Compared to that of each therapies alone, the combination of radio-therapy and photo-therapy results in a considerably improved tumor eliminating effect and efficiently inhibited tumor growth. In addition, AuNCs-HA exhibited remarkably strong PA signals for precise identification of the location, size, and boundary of the tumor, thereby facilitating imaging-guided therapy. In brief, our design of AuNCs-HA represents a general and versatile strategy for building up cancer-targeted nanotheranostics with desired synergistic imaging and therapy functionalities.

Keywords

Au nanocages,PA imaging,PDT,PTT,Radiotherapy,Theranostic nanoplatform,