Emtricitabine (FTC) is a first-line antiviral drug recommended for the treatment of AIDS during pregnancy. We hypothesized that transporters located in the placenta contribute to FTC transfer across the blood-placenta barrier. BeWo cells, cell models with stable or transient expression of transporter genes, primary human trophoblast cells (PHTCs), and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) were applied to demonstrate which transporters were involved. FTC accumulation in BeWo cells was reduced markedly by inhibitors of equilibrative nucleoside transporters (ENTs), concentrative nucleoside transporters (CNTs), organic cation transporters (OCTs), and organic cation/carnitine transporter 1 (OCTN1) and increased by inhibitors of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs). ENT1, CNT1, OCTN1, MRP1/2/3, and BCRP, but not ENT2, CNT3, OCTN2, or multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1), were found to transport FTC. FTC accumulation in PHTCs was decreased significantly by inhibitors of ENTs and OCTN1. These results suggest that ENT1, CNT1, and OCTN1 probably contribute to FTC uptake from maternal circulation to trophoblasts and that ENT1, CNT1, and MRP1 are likely involved in FTC transport between trophoblasts and fetal blood, whereas BCRP and MRP1/2/3 facilitate FTC transport from trophoblasts to maternal circulation. Coexistence of tenofovir or efavirenz with FTC in the cell medium did not influence FTC accumulation in BeWo cells or PHTCs.