Multiproduct biorefinery from Arthrospira spp. towards zero waste: Current status and future trends.

Affiliation

Microalgae Group, Division of Biotechnology and Phycology, CSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, CSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Considering the high- and low-value product perspectives, Arthrospira spp. are one of the most industrially exploited microalgae. However, currently, the biomass is being utilized for one specific product resulting in a steep upsurge in the overall production cost. Hence, to boost the economic viability of Arthrospira biorefinery process, every high- and low-value products from it ought to be valorized. Envisioning how costlier can be the multiproduct biorefinery concept owing to the downstream processing at an industrial scale, it is quite essential to look for new trends and encouraging solutions. This article intended to propose a sustainable biorefinery in the wake of the current understanding of the present constraints and challenges associated with Arthrospira biorefinery. The current review aimed at defining the future aspects of this biorefinery including integration and optimization of the culture strategy, and, implementation of new ingenious techniques to improve downstream processing (harvesting, extraction, fractionation, and purification).

Keywords

Arthrospira spp.,Biorefinery,Bottlenecks and solutions,Circular bioeconomy,Multiple products,

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