Mutations of the B-Cell Receptor Pathway Confer Chemoresistance in Primary Cutaneous Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Leg Type.


INSERM U1053, Equipe Oncogenèse des lymphomes cutanés, Université de Bordeaux; Service de Biologie des tumeurs, CHU de Bordeaux, Pessac, France. Electronic address: [Email]


Primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type (PCLBCL-LT) preferentially involves the lower limb in elderly subjects. A combination of polychemotherapy and rituximab has improved prognosis. However, about 50% of patients will experience progression or relapse without any predictive biologic marker of therapeutic response. The mutational profile of PCLBCL-LT has highlighted mutations contributing to constitutive NF-κB and B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling pathways but has not demonstrated clinical utility. Therefore, the mutational status of 32 patients with PCLBCL-LT (14 patients with complete durable response and 18 patients with relapsing or refractory disease) was determined with a dedicated lymphopanel. Tumor pairs at diagnosis and relapse or progression were analyzed in 14 relapsing or refractory patients. Patients with PCLBCL-LT harboring one mutation that targets one of the BCR signaling genes, CD79A/B or CARD11, displayed a reduced progression-free survival and specific survival (median 18 months, P = 0.002 and 51 months, P = 0.03, respectively, whereas median duration in the wild-type group was not reached) and were associated with therapeutic resistance (P = 0.0006). Longitudinal analyses revealed that MYD88 and CD79B were the earliest and among the most mutated genes. Our data suggest that evaluating BCR mutations in patients with PCLBCL-LT may help to predict first-line therapeutic response and to select targeted therapies.