N-Substituted aminoquinoline-pyrimidine hybrids: Synthesis, in vitro antimalarial activity evaluation and docking studies.

Affiliation

Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, Delhi, 110007, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

A series of novel molecular hybrids based on 4-aminoquinoline-pyrimidine were synthesized and examined for their antimalarial activity. Most of the compounds were found to have potent in vitro antimalarial activity against both CQ-sensitive D6 and CQ-resistant W2 strains of P. falciparum. The active compounds have no considerable cytotoxicity against the mammalian VERO cell lines. Twenty three compounds displayed better antimalarial activity against CQ-resistant strain W2 with IC50 values in the range 0.0189-0.945 μM, when compared with standard drug chloroquine. The best active compound 7d was studied for heme binding so as to find the primary mode of action of these hybrid molecules. Compound 7d was found to form a stable 1:1 complex with hematin as determined by its Job's plot which suggests that heme may be a probable target of these molecules. Docking studies performed with Pf-DHFR exhibited good binding interactions in the active site. The pharmacokinetic properties of some active compounds were also analysed using ADMET prediction.

Keywords

ADMET properties,Aminoquinoline,Antimalarial actvity,Docking study,Heme,Hybrid drugs,Pyrimidine,