Institute of Tropical Medicine, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany; Vietnamese-German Center for Medical Research, Hanoi, Vietnam; Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Vietnam. Electronic address: [Email]
OBJECTIVE : To determine potential associations of the rs2296651 variant (c.800C>T, S267F) of NTCP with HBV and HBV plus concomitant HDV infection as well as with the progression of related liver diseases. METHODS : The S267F variant was genotyped by DNA sequencing in 620 HBV-infected patients and 214 healthy controls (HCs). Among the patients, 450 individuals were tested for HDV by a nested PCR assay. Logistic regression was applied to examine the association. RESULTS : The S267F variant was found more frequently among HCs (16%) compared to HBV-infected (6%) and HBV-HDV co-infected patients (3%) (HBV patients vs HC: OR=0.32, P=0.00002 and HDV patients vs. HC: OR=0.17, P=0.018). The frequency of S267F variant was inversely correlated with CHB, LC or HCC patients compared with HCs (OR=0.31, P=0.001; OR=0.32, P=0.013; OR=0.34, P=0.002, respectively). S267F variant was also associated with decreased risk of the development of advanced liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (Child B and C vs. Child A, OR=0.26, adjusted P=0.016; BCLC B,C,D vs. BCLC A, OR=0.038, P=0.045, respectively). In addition, patients with the genotype CT had lower levels of AST, ALT, total and direct bilirubin as well as higher platelet counts, indicating an association with a more favorable clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS : The NTCP S267F variant of the SLC10A1 gene exhibits protective effects against HBV and HDV infection and is associated with a reduced risk of developing to advanced stages of LC and HCC.