Nanofiber-based transforming growth factor-β3 release induces fibrochondrogenic differentiation of stem cells.

Affiliation

Biomaterials and Interface Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, 351 Engineering Terrace Building, MC 8904, 1210 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, United States. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Fibrocartilage is typically found in regions subject to complex, multi-axial loads and plays a critical role in musculoskeletal function. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-mediated fibrocartilage regeneration may be guided by administration of appropriate chemical and/or physical cues, such as by culturing cells on polymer nanofibers in the presence of the chondrogenic growth factor TGF-β3. However, targeted delivery and maintenance of effective local factor concentrations remain challenges for implementation of growth factor-based regeneration strategies in clinical settings. Thus, the objective of this study was to develop and optimize the bioactivity of a biomimetic nanofiber scaffold system that enables localized delivery of TGF-β3. To this end, we fabricated TGF-β3-releasing nanofiber meshes that provide sustained growth factor delivery and demonstrated their potential for guiding synovium-derived stem cell (SDSC)-mediated fibrocartilage regeneration. TGF-β3 delivery enhanced cell proliferation and synthesis of relevant fibrocartilaginous matrix in a dose-dependent manner. By designing a scaffold that eliminates the need for exogenous or systemic growth factor administration and demonstrating that fibrochondrogenesis requires a lower growth factor dose compared to previously reported, this study represents a critical step towards developing a clinical solution for regeneration of fibrocartilaginous tissues. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Fibrocartilage is a tissue that plays a critical role throughout the musculoskeletal system. However, due to its limited self-healing capacity, there is a significant unmet clinical need for more effective approaches for fibrocartilage regeneration. We have developed a nanofiber-based scaffold that provides both the biomimetic physical cues, as well as localized delivery of the chemical factors needed to guide stem cell-mediated fibrocartilage formation. Specifically, methods for fabricating TGF-β3-releasing nanofibers were optimized, and scaffold-mediated TGF-β3 delivery enhanced cell proliferation and synthesis of fibrocartilaginous matrix, demonstrating for the first time, the potential for nanofiber-based TGF-β3 delivery to guide stem cell-mediated fibrocartilage regeneration. This nanoscale delivery platform represents an exciting new strategy for fibrocartilage regeneration.

Keywords

Delivery,Fibrocartilage,Interface,Nanofiber,Stem cells,

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