USDA ARS Cereal Disease Laboratory, 1551 Lindig Street, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA; Department of Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, 495 Borlaug Hall, 1991 Upper Buford Circle, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA. Electronic address: [Email]
Trichothecene mycotoxin synthesis in the phytopathogen Fusarium graminearum involves primarily endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized enzymes of the mevalonate- and trichothecene biosynthetic pathways. Two exceptions are 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA synthase (Hms1) and trichodiene synthase (Tri5), which are known cytosolic enzymes. Using 3D structured illumination microscopy (3D SIM), GFP-tagged Tri5 and Hms1 were tested for preferential localization in the cytosol proximal to the ER. Tri5 protein was significantly enriched in cytosolic regions within 500 nm of the ER, but Hms1 was not. Spatial organization of enzymes in the cytosol has potential relevance for pathway efficiency and metabolic engineering in fungi and other organisms.