Neck/Shoulder Problems and Visual Disturbances Among Surgeons: A Scoping Review.


School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : Minimally invasive surgeries are the surgical techniques that lower the size of incisions needed but may increase the physical problems such as neck/shoulder problems and visual disturbances among surgeons. This study aims to determine the prevalence, severity, proposed risk factors, and evidence for a relationship for neck/shoulder problems and visual disturbances (separately and concurrently) among surgeons.
METHODS : A scoping review using the five-stage framework proposed by Arksey and O'Malley was conducted. This included identification of a research question and relevant studies, study selection, charting of data and collating, summarizing, and reporting of the results. Databases searched were PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and Web of Science, and Scopus, alongside a hand-search. An Appraisal tool for Cross-Sectional Studies was used to determine methodological quality of studies.
RESULTS : Ten articles met the inclusion criteria from 744 identified. Prevalence were reported by all the studies and ranged from 6% to 74% (neck); 7%-35% (right shoulder); 8%-39% (left shoulder); 9%-80% (both shoulders), and 0.4%-63% (visual disturbances). Severity of these concerns was assessed in four studies and was variable. The risk factors for neck/shoulder problems and visual disturbances included workplace physical ergonomic factors, surgery factors, and surgeon-related factors. None of the included studies proposed a relationship between neck/shoulder problems and visual disturbances.
CONCLUSIONS : There was great variability in the reported prevalence of neck/shoulder problems and visual disturbances among surgeons. Neck/shoulder problems and visual disturbances shared several risk factors, but the link between the two issues has not been fully investigated.


Ergonomic,MESH terms neck,Shoulder,Surgeon,Surgery,Visual,

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