Neurocognitive testing in West African children 3-6 years of age: Challenges and implications for data analyses.


EHESP, F-35000 Rennes, France; Inserm UMR 1153, Obstetrical, Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Research Team (Epopé), Center for Epidemiology and Statistics Sorbonne Paris Cité, DHU Risks in Pregnancy, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France. Electronic address: [Email]


When testing African children with developmental and cognitive standardized tests from high-income countries (HIC), investigators are uncertain as to whether to apply the HIC norms for these tests when standardizing a child's raw-score performance on the basis of age. The present study compared the construct validity of both raw and HIC-based standardized scores for the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL) and the Kaufman Assessment Battery in Children - 2nd edition (KABC-II) for Beninese children in a rural setting from three to six years of age.


Africa,Child development,HOME scale,Kaufman Assessment Battery for children,Mullen Scales of Early Learning,Neurocognition,

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