Neuronavigation-assisted surgical treatments for medically refractory epilepsy: Single-hospital experience with 4 surgical approaches.

Affiliation

Department of Neurosurgery, Fuzhou General Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, 350025, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : Surgical treatment should be considered for patients with medically refractory epilepsy, and neuronavigation may benefit and reduce the technical difficulties during surgery. In this study, we aimed to report our single-hospital experience of incorporating neuronavigation for treating patients with medically refractory epilepsy using 4 types of surgery.
METHODS : Patients who were diagnosed as medically refractory epilepsy and received neuronavigation-assisted surgery were included in this retrospective analysis. The type of surgery was decided by the surgery committee after careful evaluation and discussion, including temporo-parietal-occipital (TPO) disconnection, anterior subtotal callosal section, functional hemispherectomy and resection of the epileptogenic zone(s). Postoperative seizure outcome at the last visit was evaluated using Engel classification.
RESULTS : A total of 173 patients with medically refractory epilepsy who were treated surgically under the assistance of neuronavigation were included. The majority type of surgery was resection of epileptic zone, n = 104 (60.12%). An excellent seizure outcome, Engel Class I was found in 50.86% of the patients, followed by 23.12% patients with a good outcome of Engel Class II.
CONCLUSIONS : Overall more than half of the patients could have excellent seizure outcome of Engel Class I, the postoperative complications were manageable. These results indicated that the applicability of neuronavigation, and the use of neuronavigation provides good efficacy and safety for all kinds of surgical procedures for patients with medically refractory epilepsy.

Keywords

Epilepsy,Neuronavigation,Neurosurgery,Outcome,Refractory epilepsy,Seizure,