Nonsurgical Adjuncts Following Facelift to Achieve Optimal Aesthetic Outcomes: "Icing on the Cake".

Affiliation

Private Practice, Marina Plastic Surgery, 4644 Lincoln Boulevard, Suite 552, Marina Del Rey, CA 90292, USA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

This article discusses the various nonsurgical treatments that can be performed in combination with facelift surgery to provide patients with a more complete facial rejuvenation. Nonsurgical adjuncts focus on facial volume enhancement, skin resurfacing, intense pulsed light for pigmentary changes, neuromodulators, and skin care in addition to the surgical techniques used to combat facial aging. Several options exist for skin resurfacing, including dermabrasion, chemical peels, and lasers; the advantages and limitations of each are discussed. Photographs demonstrating the effectiveness of nonsurgical treatments to facelift patients are displayed as examples of their powerful adjunctive effect.

Keywords

Botulinum toxin,Cosmetic medicine,Facelift,Facial aging,Intense pulsed light,Lasers,Nonsurgical,

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