Novel SASS6 compound heterozygous mutations in a Chinese family with primary autosomal recessive microcephaly.

Affiliation

Hunan Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, NO.53 Xiangchun Road, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Birth Defects Research, Prevention and Treatment (Hunan Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital), NO.53 Xiangchun Road, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Primary autosomal recessive microcephaly (MCPH) is a rare hereditary disease characterized by congenitally small with brain circumference of the head below 3 standard deviations (SD). By far, 18 MCPH genes have been reported to be associated with the disease. SASS6 gene functioned in assembly of centrioles that the majority of MCPH genes present at the centrosome. There was only research reporting a homozygous missense mutation in SASS6 gene detected in a consanguineous Pakistani family. By conducting Whole-exome sequencing (WES) and Sanger sequencing on the family trio, we identified two novel splice site mutations c.127-13A>G and c.1867+2T>A in compound heterozygous hereditary form in the SASS6 gene. The two mutations were confirmed to alter mRNA splicing by RT-PCR assay. Our finding supported the role of SASS6 in the pathogenesis of microcephaly, expanding mutation spectrums and contributing to understanding of molecular mechanisms of MCPH.

Keywords

Fetus,Primary autosomal recessive microcephaly,SASS6,Splice site mutation,

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