Novel anti-biofouling and drug releasing materials for contact lenses.

Author

Tadashi Nakaji-Hirabayashi

Affiliation

Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, University of Toyama, Toyama 930-8555, Japan; Department of Advanced Nano-bioscience, Graduate School of Innovative Life Science, University of Toyama, Toyama 930-0194, Japan; International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics, National Institute of Material Science, Ibaraki 305-0047, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Contact lens users very often become patients of allergic conjunctivitis, which is caused by protein and bacteria adsorption to the eye, because contact lenses easily adsorb proteins and bacteria. However, even if contact lens users develop eye diseases such as allergic conjunctivitis, most of them continue to use contact lenses to avoid interference to daily life or a decrease in their quality of life. If novel contact lenses able to prevent and additionally cure eye diseases can be manufactured, they could improve the quality of life of contact lens users worldwide. Thus, we aim to develop a novel material for contact lenses to prevent diseases by incorporating a zwitterionic polymer with the ability to suppress protein and bacteria adsorption. In addition, we also aim to effectively introduce and release a drug against allergic conjunctivitis from the contact lens material. Because the poorly water-soluble drug for allergic conjunctivitis (pranoprofen) forms a rigid crystal structure, we developed the novel "hot-melt press method" to construct a contact lens able to effectively release it. In the present study, polymer sheets containing carboxymethyl betaine (a kind of zwitterionic monomer), 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, and 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone were prepared using three different procedures. The sheets were hydrophilic and showed a strong resistance against protein and bacteria adsorption. The sheets prepared by the hot-melt press method were transparent and seemed to have potential as a material for contact lenses. In addition, the drug introduced into the sheets during preparation was observed to release at a practically appropriate dose. Therefore, it is expected that the sheets could possibly be used as a material for contact lenses which not only protect against the development of eye trouble due to protein and bacterial adsorption, but also heal allergic conjunctivitis.

Keywords

Allergic conjunctivitis,Anti-biofouling property,Contact lens,Drug release,Hot-melt press method,Zwitterionic polymer,

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