Novel homozygous TSFM pathogenic variant associated with encephalocardiomyopathy with sensorineural hearing loss and peculiar neuroradiologic findings.


Department of Pediatric Neurology and Muscular Disorders, IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Via Gerolamo Gaslini, 5, 16147, Genoa, Italy. [Email]


TSFM is a nuclear gene encoding the elongation factor Ts (EFTs), an essential component of mitochondrial translational machinery. Impaired mitochondrial translation is responsible for neurodegenerative disorders characterized by multiple respiratory chain complex defects, multisystemic involvement, and neuroradiological features of Leigh-like syndrome. With the use of a next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based multigene panel for mitochondrial disorders, we identified the novel TSFM homozygous variant c.547G>A (p.Gly183Ser) in a 5-year-old boy with infantile early onset encephalocardiomyopathy, sensorineural hearing loss, and peculiar partially reversible neuroimaging features. Our findings expand the phenotypic spectrum of TSFM-related encephalopathy, offering new insights into the natural history of brain involvement and suggesting that TSFM should be investigated in pediatric mitochondrial disorders with distinctive neurologic and cardiac involvement.


Elongation factor,Leigh syndrome,Mitochondrial disease,Neuroimaging,