Novel quinolinone-pyrazoline hybrids: synthesis and evaluation of antioxidant and lipoxygenase inhibitory activity.

Affiliation

Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou Campus, 15780, Athens, Greece. [Email]

Abstract

The present project deals with the investigation of structure-activity relationship of several quinolinone-chalcone and quinolinone-pyrazoline hybrids, in an effort to discover promising antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents. In order to accomplish this goal, four bioactive hybrid quinolinone-chalcone compounds (8a-8d) were synthesized via an aldol condensation reaction, which were then chemically modified, forming fifteen new pyrazoline analogues (9a-9o). All the synthesized analogues were in vitro evaluated in terms of their antioxidant and soybean lipoxygenase (LOX) inhibitory activity. Among all the pyrazoline derivatives, compounds 9b and 9m were found to possess the best combined activity, whereas 9b analogue exhibited the most potent LOX inhibitory activity, with IC50 value 10 μM. The in silico docking results revealed that the synthetic pyrazoline analogue 9b showed high AutoDock Vina score (- 10.3 kcal/mol), while all the tested derivatives presented allosteric interactions with the enzyme.

Keywords

Antioxidant activity,Chalcones,LOX inhibition,Lipoxygenase,Pyrazolines,Quinolinones,

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