Nucleus-targeted nano delivery system eradicates cancer stem cells by combined thermotherapy and hypoxia-activated chemotherapy.

Affiliation

Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Diagnosis of the Ministry of Education, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, People's Republic of China; College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Chemical Biology Key Laboratory of Hebei Province, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Many efforts have focused on the cancer stem cell (CSC) targeting nano delivery system, however, the anticancer therapy efficacy is relative low due to the highly drug-resistance and drug efflux. Nucleus-targeted drug delivery is a promising strategy for reverse the drug resistance and drug efflux of CSCs, but in vivo nucleus-targeted drug delivery has been challenging. Herein, we designed a mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN)-based nucleus-targeted system, which could directly target the CSCs and further enter the nucleus by the surface modification of anti-CD133 and thermal-triggered exposure of TAT peptides under an alternating magnetic field (AMF). The nucleus-targeted drug release ultimately leads to an exhaustive apoptosis of the CSCs through combined thermotherapy and hypoxia-activated chemotherapy. In vivo, the nucleus-targeted nano delivery system efficiently inhibits the tumor growth without notable side effects during the course of treatment. Molecular mechanism study illustrates that the system effectively eliminates the CSCs by blocking the hypoxia signaling pathway. This designed nucleus-targeted nano delivery system is expected to provide new insights for developing efficient platforms for CSC-targeted cancer therapy.

Keywords

Cancer stem cells,Combined therapy,Hypoxia-activated,Nucleus-targeted,Signaling pathway,

OUR Recent Articles