Nursing Simulation and Transfer of Knowledge in Undergraduate Nursing Programs: A Literature Review.

Affiliation

About the Author Penny Alt-Gehrman, PhD(c), RN, is an assistant professor, JoAnne McGrath School of Nursing and Health Professions, Alverno College, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. For more information, contact her at [Email] [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this literature review was to describe what research has been conducted on transfer of knowledge using high-fidelity patient simulation (HFPS) and determine what further research is needed.
BACKGROUND : The use of HFPS has expanded rapidly in recent years. There is research suggesting that HFPS effectively educates nurses for clinical practice.
METHODS : An extensive literature search was conducted and analyzed for themes. Exclusion criteria were studies that focused only on graduate-level nursing education, accelerated programs, medical students, registered nurses, and use of low-fidelity simulation or standardized patients.
RESULTS : Themes that emerged included competence, confidence, safety, timing, method and delivery. Study results varied, with only some showing transfer.
CONCLUSIONS : More research is needed to determine how HFPS influences knowledge transfer to the clinical setting.