Obesity/overweight and asthma control in LEBANESE adults: a cross-sectional study.


Internal Medicine & Clinical Immunology Department, Hotel Dieu de France hospital, St Joseph University, Blvd A. Naccache, Beirut, 166830, Lebanon. [Email]


BACKGROUND : Studies exploring the association between weight and asthma are not conclusive. Both obesity and asthma have been increasing in Lebanon, their association is not yet documented. The aim of this study is to explore the effect of weight on asthma control in adults.
METHODS : This is a cross-sectional study, involving all consecutive asthma patients presenting to the outpatient allergy clinic at the Hotel-Dieu de France (HDF) University Hospital between January 1, 2014 and December 30, 2016. Patients included were those who consented to fill the Asthma Control Test (ACT) after 3 months of therapy. BMI was reported at the same time of the questionnaire.
RESULTS : A total of 183 records of diagnosed asthma cases in adults were included. Sixty-three (34.4%) were males and 120 (65.6%) females, with a mean age of 38.5 (SD = 14.3). Ninety patients (49.2%) were of normal weight, 65 (35.5%) overweight and 28 (15.3%) obese. Seventy-one percent had an ACT score ≤ 19, which corresponds to poor asthma control. Patients who were overweight or obese were more likely to have poor asthma control compared to patients who had a normal weight at the time of evaluation.
CONCLUSIONS : In conclusion, our study showed a significant association between asthma control as assessed by the ACT and high BMI defining overweight or obesity. This is the first national study exploring the association between asthma and overweight/obesity in Lebanon. A larger study with sampling from different specialists' sites is needed to draw more conclusions about this association.


Asthma,Asthma control test,Obesity/overweight,