Optimization of ultrasonic assisted extraction of fatty acids from Aesculus hippocastanum fruit by response surface methodology.


Young Researcher and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]


The effectiveness of ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) of Aesculus hippocastanum fruit oil was investigated using methanol as a solvent. The study compared extraction yields using UAE and methanol with soxhlet. The effects of three extraction parameters, namely temperature, time and the ratio of solvent (volume) to plant material (weight) were optimized using both a Box-Behnken design (BBD) and response surface methodology (RSM). The highest extraction yields were obtained for UAE at 60 °C and 56.5 min with a ratio of solvent to plant material weight of 45:1. The extraction yield using UAE varied by 21.82% (w/ w) but was, regardless, significantly greater than Soxhlet extraction.


Aesculus hippocastanum fruit,Fatty acids,Response surface methodology,Ultra sonic assisted extraction,