Oxytocin Suppresses Inflammatory Responses Induced by Lipopolysaccharide through Inhibition of the eIF-2-ATF4 Pathway in Mouse Microglia.

Affiliation

Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Hypertension Research, Clinical Research Institute, National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center, Kyoto 612-8555, Japan. [Email]

Abstract

Microglia maintain brain homeostasis and modulate neuroinflammation and are implicated in the pathogenesis of various neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we found that in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated microglia, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-related eIF-2-ATF4 pathway plays significant roles in TNF- and IL-6 production, as well as in the inflammasome-mediated production of IL-1. Furthermore, our analysis revealed that oxytocin (OT), a nonapeptide synthesized in the hypothalamus, suppressed the production of these proinflammatory cytokines by inhibiting activation of the eIF-2-ATF4 pathway. Our findings therefore suggest a novel anti-inflammatory axis of OT in activated microglia, which would be helpful for developing the novel effective strategies for regulating microglia-associated neuroinflammation.

Keywords

endoplasmic reticulum stress,inflammasome,inflammation,microglia,oxytocin,

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