The Cancer-Immunity Cycle is a series of anticancer immune responses initiated and allowed to proceed and expand iteratively. Paclitaxel (PTX) is a classic chemotherapeutic agent, which could induce immunogenic cell death (ICD) to trigger the Cancer-Immunity Cycle. However, the Cycle is severely impaired by tumor cell immunosuppression of host T cell antitumor activity through the programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) (PD-1/PD-L1) immune checkpoint pathway. Here, we demonstrated that PTX mediated the Cancer-Immunity Cycle could be enhanced by PD-L1 knockdown (KD) and followed mTOR pathway inhibition in tumor cells. PD-L1 siRNA (siP) and the hydrophobic chemotherapy drug PTX were co-delivered with a rationally designed hybrid micelle (HM). We showed clear evidence that the HM-siP/PTX is capable of delivering siP and PTX simultaneously to the B16F10 cells both in vitro and in vivo. We demonstrated that HM-PTX/siP reduced the expression of PD-L1 and p-S6K (a marker of mTOR pathway activation) both in vitro and in melanoma-bearing mice and attenuated synergistically tumor growth by chemical toxicity, promoting cytotoxic T-cell immunity and suppressing the mTOR pathway.