Pathogenic roles of anti-C1q antibodies in recurrent pregnancy loss.


Department of Rheumatology, Endocrinology and Nephrology, Hokkaido University Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]


Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is often considered idiopathic, however excessive complement activation has been observed in pregnancy related manifestations. Anti-C1q antibodies (anti-C1q) are associated with the activation of complement pathway in lupus patients, while it remains unclear in RPL. Firstly, we showed that both the prevalence and titre of anti-C1q were significantly higher in unexplained RPL than in healthy parous individuals. Secondly, we established the murine model of anti-C1q induced pregnancy loss using a monoclonal anti-mouse C1q antibody, JL-1. In mice treated with JL-1, high ratio of pregnancy loss and fetal growth restriction were frequently observed and complement activation occurred. C5a receptor (C5aR) blockade cancelled these pathogenic changes in mice treated with JL-1. In conclusion, our study reveals an association between the prevalence of anti-C1q and RPL. Additionally, our murine model has indicated that anti-C1q can induce reproductive failure, which might be ameliorated by therapy targeting the C5-C5aR axis.


Anti-C1q autoantibody,Complement activation,Recurrent pregnancy loss,