Department of Food Science, College of Light Industry, Liaoning University, Liaoning Engineering Research Center for Food Bioprocessing, Shenyang Key Laboratory of Food Bioprocessing and Quality Control, Shenyang 110036, China. Electronic address: [Email]
The crude polysaccharide was extracted from hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge. Var. major) and a salt-eluted polysaccharide (SPS-2) was fractionated by DEAE cellulose-52 chromatography. Monosaccharide composition and Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) analysis indicated that the SPS-2 contained 72.3% galacturonic acid and may be pectin. The results of antiglycation activity in vitro showed that the medium molecular weight pectin oligosaccharide (MM-POS) had the highest antiglycation activity among SPS-2 degradation products. Moreover, the MM-POS obtained by enzymatic degradation had stronger antiglycation activity than that by ultrasonic assisted enzymatic degradation. Composition analysis of MM-POS obtained from ultrasound-assisted enzymatic degradation showed that polygalacturonans content decreased from 85.1% to 61.9% but the arabinan and rhamnogalacturonans increased from 10.6% to 22.7% and from 3.5% to 13.2%, respectively, compared to the MM-POS obtained from enzymatic degradation. This study will provide a theoretical basis for the application of POSs in the food field, especially the exploitation of antiglycation agents.