Hagey Laboratory for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Stanford University, 257 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Stanford University, 770 Welch Road, Suite 400, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: [Email]
Pediatric facial fracture management is often complex and demanding. The structure and topography of the pediatric craniofacial skeleton are profoundly different from the mature skull. Consequently, the pediatric facial skeleton responds differently to traumatic force. Although the incidence of pediatric facial trauma is higher than in the adult population, the incidence of facial fracture is significantly lower. The management in younger patients is often more conservative because of potential growth impairment. As the facial skeleton matures, more conventional surgical approaches become appropriate. This review provides an understanding of the unique elements of facial fracture management in the pediatric population.