Pediatric orthopedic surgery has changed in many ways over the past 2 decades. Member surveys and recent literature confirm that there has been a sustained balance of interest and opportunity in growth of applicant numbers and fellowship spots. Pediatric orthopedics is leading the way in gender diversity in orthopedics. Concerns of competition are valid and appear to be rising; however, case load data suggest that with increased training of pediatric orthopedists, there seems to be an adequate increase in cases. Periodic workforce analysis should continue to gauge any changes in attitudes or monitor concerns of competition.