Perceptions and expectations of health care providers towards clinical pharmacy services in a mental health hospital in Qatar.

Affiliation

Qatar University, College of Pharmacy, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : With the growing burden of mental disorders, pharmacists are ideally positioned to play an important role in supporting people with a mental illness. However, the value of clinical pharmacists within mental health remains unrecognized by other healthcare professionals.
OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and expectations of mental health professionals on the provision of clinical pharmacy services (CPS) at a psychiatric hospital.
METHODS : A cross-sectional, self-administered, online survey was administered to physicians and nurses working at a psychiatric hospital. Five-point likert scales were used to measure participant's perceptions and expectations about the CPS provided. Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis were undertaken.
RESULTS : Both physicians and nurses reported positive perceptions regarding the CPS provided at the hospital, although physicians agreement with positive statements was higher than those reported by nurses (mean likert scale score 4.76 and 4.45, respectively). There was a statistically significant positive association between participants' years of experience and agreeing that clinical pharmacy services are essential for achieving hospital accreditation (χ2 = 13.11, φ = 0.41, p = 0.04). A statistically significant positive association was noted between the physicians' current position and agreeing that pharmacists assist physicians in selecting more cost effective medication regimens (χ2 = 16.55, φ = 0.62, p = 0.04).
CONCLUSIONS : Physicians and nurses have mostly positive perceptions and expectations from clinical pharmacists at the psychiatric hospital. However, traditional clinical pharmacy services were more favorably viewed than those associated with advanced clinical roles such as prescribing and pharmacist-led medication management clinics.

Keywords

Clinical pharmacists,Health care professionals,Mental health,Perceptions,Pharmaceutical care services,

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