Perforator navigation using color Doppler ultrasound and three-dimensional reconstruction for preoperative planning of optimal lateral circumflex femoral artery system perforator flaps in head and neck reconstruction.

Affiliation

Department of Oral Maxillofacial-Head Neck Oncology, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology, 639 Zhizaoju Road, Shanghai, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : The authors introduce an algorithm for preoperative planning of optimal lateral circumflex femoral artery system perforator flap (LCFAPF) supplied by the best quality and the easiest dissection of the perforators and the source vessels for simplified and customized strategies in head and neck reconstruction with perforator navigation using color Doppler ultrasound and three-dimensional reconstruction (3D-CDUS PN).
METHODS : Between June 2011 and September 2015, a prospective cohort study was performed with an algorithm based on defect site, perforator type, and pedicle length using 3D-CDUS PN to select optimal perforators arising from the different branches of LCFA in 108 patients. The optimal perforator and flap were determined by perforator caliber and quality, difficulty in flap dissection, and length of the source vessels. Cause and classification of the defect, flap choice, recipient vessels, postoperative course, and complications were analyzed.
RESULTS : The source vessels of the perforators were lateral descending branch in 73 cases and oblique branch in 17 cases with ALTPFs, medial descending branch in 12 cases with AMTPFs, and ascending branch in 6 cases with TFLPFs. Straightforward dissection of flaps with septocutaneous (n = 40) and semi-septocutaneous (n = 17) perforators was performed in 52.8% cases. Successful exploration rate and overall flap survival rate were both 100%. Satisfactory functional and esthetic results in both recipient and donor sites with no serious complications were observed in all patients.
CONCLUSIONS : Our algorithm using 3D-CDUS PN facilitates selection of optimal flap with better caliber and quality of the perforators and sufficient pedicle length for easy dissection.

Keywords

Algorithm,Anterolateral thigh perforator flap,Anteromedial thigh perforator flap,Color Doppler ultrasound and three-dimensional reconstruction,Head and neck reconstruction,Perforator navigation,Tensor fascia lata perforator flap,

OUR Recent Articles