Perioperative Interrogation of Biotronik Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices: A Guide for Anesthesiologists.


Department of Anesthesiology University of California San Diego, UCSD Medical Center San Diego CA. Electronic address: [Email]


Biotronik cardiovascular implantable electronic devices, specifically Biotronik pacemakers, contain unique features that are relevant to perioperative management. For example, Biotronik pacemakers have a programmable response to magnet application, a default magnet response that does not result in sustained asynchronous pacing, and a unique method of rate adaptation (eg, closed loop stimulation). This review article focuses on these unique features; the interpretation of Biotronik interrogation reports; and the basic programming (eg, mode, rate, rate adaptation, tachyarrhythmia therapies) relevant to the perioperative management of Biotronik cardiovascular implantable electronic devices.


Biotronik,CLS,anesthesia,cardiovascular implantable electronic device,device programming,implantable cardioverter defibrillator,pacemaker,perioperative management,

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