Peripontomedullary hydatid cyst: Case report and literature review.


Neuroscience Department, Neurosurgery Section, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : Hydatid cyst represents the parasitic infection by Genus Echenococcus Granulosis. This disease usually involves liver followed by lungs and rarely the CNS. The CNS involvement by the Hydatid Cyst is present in 1-2% of all hydatidosis. Even when it is found in the Brain it presents usually in the supratentorial compartment. However this case was unique in having the Hydatid cyst within the infratentorial fossa. With multiple small cysts, causing mass effect and challenging for surgical resection.
METHODS : A 44 years female presented with headache, diplobia and bulbar symptoms, followed by ataxia. Full examination, proper investigations showed the peripontomedullary hydatid cysts. Surgical management is illustrated.
CONCLUSIONS : It is still challenging for the neurosurgeons to operate on these lesions in spite of modern technologies and fancy approaches due to its delicate nature, associated risk of allergic reaction, cyst's material dissemination and irreversible injury of multiple neurological structure due to prolonged compression of cranial nerves crossing the cerebellopontine angle.
CONCLUSIONS : In this case report we are presenting a rare case of Multiple Hydatid cysts involving a rare location in the brain; peripontomedullary area and extending all the way down to the foramen magnum. Supported with a literature review in relation to disease etiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation and management.


Hydatid cyst,Peripontomedullary area,