Pharmacokinetics of Ombitasvir, Paritaprevir, Ritonavir, and Dasabuvir in Healthy Chinese Subjects and HCV GT1b-Infected Chinese, South Korean and Taiwanese Patients.

Affiliation

Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacometrics, AbbVie Inc, 1 North Waukegan Road, Bldg. AP31-3, North Chicago, IL, 60064, USA. [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : The 3 direct-acting antiviral (3D) regimen of ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir plus dasabuvir has recently been approved in several Asian geographic regions for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 1 infection. The pharmacokinetics of the components of the 3D regimen with or without ribavirin were evaluated in healthy Chinese subjects and HCV GT1b-infected Chinese, South Korean, and Taiwanese patients, with or without cirrhosis, to determine how the drug exposures in Asian populations compare with historical data in Western populations.
METHODS : Participants received ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir 25/150/100 mg once daily plus dasabuvir 250 mg twice daily for 14 days (healthy subjects, n = 36) or 12 weeks (HCV patients, n = 754). Patients with compensated cirrhosis also received ribavirin 1000 or 1200 mg divided twice daily, per the local label. Intensive or sparse pharmacokinetic sampling was performed for assessments of plasma drug concentrations.
RESULTS : The exposures [maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC)] of the components of the 3D regimen were comparable (< 20% difference) in healthy Chinese subjects residing in China or the United States. In addition, the trough plasma concentrations (Ctrough) in HCV GT1b-infected Asian patients were either similar to (ombitasvir) or within 75% of (paritaprevir and dasabuvir) those in Western patients without cirrhosis, or similar to (ombitasvir and paritaprevir) or within 100% of (dasabuvir) those in Western patients with cirrhosis, with widely overlapping ranges of individual values. Generally comparable drug exposures were observed among Chinese, South Korean, and Taiwanese ethnicities for noncirrhotic and cirrhotic patients.
CONCLUSIONS : Collectively, the results of these pharmacokinetic analyses support the use of the same dose of the 3D regimen for Asian and Western patients. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV: NCT02534870, NCT02517515, NCT02517528.

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