Pharmacokinetics of fludarabine and its association with clinical outcomes in paediatric haematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients.


Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, Seoul, Korea. [Email]


Fludarabine is used as a common component of conditioning regimens for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, knowledge regarding the pharmacokinetic characteristics of once-daily fludarabine dosing in children is limited. This study investigated the pharmacokinetics of fludarabine and evaluated its associations with clinical outcomes in paediatric patients. A total of 802 blood samples obtained from 43 paediatric patients who underwent HSCT were included in a population pharmacokinetic analysis using non-linear mixed-effects modelling. The relationships between systemic 9-β-d-arabinofuranosyl-2-fluoroadenine (F-ara-A) exposure derived from the model and the clinical outcome variables were explored. A two-compartment model with proportional residual error adequately described the pharmacokinetics of F-ara-A. The body surface area and glomerular filtration rate were significant covariates for the clearance of F-ara-A. After the first dose of fludarabine at 40 mg/m2, the median (min-max) values for the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) from dosing to infinity and the elimination half-life were 4696 (3056-10,477) ng·h/mL and 7.95 (4.78-10.88) h, respectively. No significant associations were found between systemic exposure and graft-vs.-host disease, neurologic and pulmonary complications, relapse or survival. Systemic exposure was comparable to that of previous reports from different populations and had no association with clinical outcomes.

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