Pharmacological advances in pemphigus.


St George Hospital, UNSW Department of Dermatology, Kogarah, Sydney, NSW 2217, Australia. Electronic address: [Email]


This is an updated review of the literature on the emerging therapeutic options for the treatment of pemphigus to provide better care for patients. There is an increasing range of molecules targeted for pemphigus therapy against CD20, Bruton tyrosine kinase, chimeric antigen receptor, T-cell immune components, B-cell activating factor, proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL), CD25, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) and cytokine modulation therapies (anti-IL-4, anti-IL-6). The main aim of the current new therapies is to provide specific pathology-focused therapeutic options which have long-term sustainable therapeutic effects on disease progress, cause less side effects without systemic immunosuppression, and have less risk of getting antibodies against the medication during treatment.