Pharmacological characterization of DA-8010, a novel muscarinic receptor antagonist selective for urinary bladder over salivary gland.

Affiliation

Dong-A ST Research Institute, Yongin 17073, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Several antimuscarinics have been commonly used for overactive bladder patients, but dry mouth as a major anticholinergic side effect remains a shortcoming to limit long-term use. The aim of this study was to elucidate the pharmacological properties of DA-8010, a novel muscarinic receptor antagonist selective for urinary bladder over salivary gland. DA-8010 exhibited a high binding affinity for human muscarinic M3 receptor with pKi of 8.81 ± 0.05 and great potencies for human M3 receptor and rat bladder preparation. The potency of DA-8010 for bladder smooth muscle cells was 3.6-fold higher than that for salivary gland cells isolated from mice. Intravenous administration of DA-8010 dose-dependently inhibited rhythmic urinary bladder contractions induced by distension in rats, indicating the most potent activity (ID30 = 0.08 mg/kg) among the antimuscarinics tested. Taken together with the inhibitory effects of DA-8010 and other antimuscarinics on carbachol-induced salivary secretion in rats, the in vivo functional selectivity of DA-8010 for urinary bladder over salivary gland was 3.1-fold, 3.2-fold and 5.2-fold greater than those observed for solifenacin, oxybutynin and darifenacin, respectively. Furthermore, oral administration of DA-8010 in mice resulted in more selective and persistent binding for muscarinic receptors in the bladder rather than in the submaxillary gland, in comparison with other antimuscarinics. These findings suggest that DA-8010 is a potent muscarinic M3 receptor antagonist to be highly selective for bladder over salivary gland, which might be a promising agent with greater efficacy and less dry mouth in the treatment of overactive bladder.

Keywords

Muscarinic receptor antagonist,Overactive bladder,Salivary gland,Urinary bladder,