Pharmacological investigation of quinoxaline-bisthiazoles as multitarget-directed ligands for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.


Department of Medicinal Chemistry, B. V. Patel Pharmaceutical Education and Research Development (PERD) Centre, S. G. Highway, Thaltej, Ahmedabad 380054, Gujarat, India. Electronic address: [Email]


Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent disease of old age leading to dementia. Complex AD pathogenesis involves multiple factors viz. amyloid plaque formation, neurofibrillary tangles and inflammation. Herein we report of a new series of quinoxaline-bisthiazoles as multitarget-directed ligands (MTDLs) targeting BACE-1 and inflammation concurrently. Virtual screening of a library of novel quinoxaline-bisthiazoles was performed by docking studies. The most active molecules from the docking library were taken up for synthesis and characterized by spectral data. Compounds 8a-8n showed BACE-1 inhibition in micro molar range. One of the compounds, 8n showed BACE-1 inhibition at IC50 of 3 ± 0.07 µM. Rat paw edema inhibition in acute and chronic models of inflammation were obtained at 69 ± 0.45% and 55 ± 0.7%, respectively. Compound 8n also showed noteworthy results in AlCl3 induced AD model. The treated rats exhibited excellent antiamnesic, antiamyloid, antioxidant, and neuroprotective properties. Behavioural parameters suggested improved cognitive functions which further validates the testimony of present study. Moreover, compound 8n was found to have inherent gastrointestinal safety. This new string of quinoxaline-bisthiazoles were identified as effective lead for the generation of potent MTDLs and compound 8n was found to showcase qualities to tackle AD pathogenesis.


BACE-1,Inflammation,Multitarget-directed ligands,Quinoxalines,Thiazoles,

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