Photodegradation of the novel brominated flame retardant 2,4,6-Tris-(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)-1,3,5-triazine in solvent system: Kinetics, photolysis products and pathway.


Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Richard-Willstätter-Str. 11, D-12489, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: [Email]


In this study the direct and indirect photolysis of the novel brominated flame retardant 2,4,6-Tris-(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)-1,3,5-triazine (TTBP-TAZ) in an organic solvent mixture (60:30:10, ACN:MeOH:THF) under UV-(C) and simulated sunlight irradiation was investigated, and the formed photo-transformation products were identified for the first time. TTBP-TAZ was almost completely degraded within 10 min under UV-(C) irradiation. Due to the fast degradation no specific kinetic order could be observed. In comparison, the reaction under simulated sunlight irradiation was much slower and thus, the kinetic first-order could be determined. The observed photolysis rate constant k as well as the half-life time t1/2 were estimated to be k = (0.0163 ± 0.0002) h-1 and t1/2 = 42.3 h, respectively. The addition of 2-propanol and hydrogen peroxide to investigate the influence of indirect photolysis under UV-(C) irradiation causes no influence on the degradation of TTBP-TAZ. Nevertheless, the removal of TTBP-TAZ under UV-(C) and simulated sunlight without additional chemicals (except solvent) indicates that the direct photolysis plays a significant role in the degradation mechanism of TTBP-TAZ. In both irradiation experiments, TTBP-TAZ was quantitatively degraded that involve the formation of previously unknown PTPs. Overall, two main PTPs were determined when irradiated with UV-(C) and eight sequential debromination products were observed when irradiated by simulated sunlight. These were determined by HPLC-DAD and - MS/(MS), respectively. Based on the chosen experimental conditions the consecutive debromination as well as photo-Fries rearrangement was confirmed as the main degradation pathway by high resolution mass spectrometry and X-ray diffraction.


Direct/indirect photolysis,HRMS,Photo-transformation products,TTBP-TAZ,XRD,