The Green for Good (G4G) conferences bring together plant science researchers mainly from Europe, as well as guests from overseas. As with previous G4G conferences, the 5th event (G4G V) was held at Palacký University Olomouc, Czech Republic, organized by the Centre of Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research and the European Federation of Biotechnology. The meeting focused on trends in plant biotechnology, genetics and biochemistry to identify the basis for solving the global challenge of providing food for an ever-growing population. The invited speakers provided insights into plant genomics, gene-editing, plant molecular farming and application of nanomaterials. This conference meeting report summarizes key lectures given by a variety of excellent speakers.