Plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) in intraoral bone grafting procedures: A systematic review.


Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 1100 Florida Avenue, New Orleans, LA 70119, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


OBJECTIVE : This systematic review aimed at assessing the effects of PRGF in new bone formation, soft tissue healing and post-operative pain and swelling in sites that underwent ridge preservation, ridge augmentation and maxillary sinus augmentation procedures.
METHODS : A comprehensive literature search employing seven databases was conducted by two independent reviewers. Only randomized and non-randomized controlled clinical trials using PRGF alone or in combination with bone grafting materials were selected.
RESULTS : Overall, 919 studies were identified, of which a total of 8 articles were included in the qualitative analysis. Two of the selected studies reported on ridge preservation, one on ridge augmentation and five on maxillary sinus augmentation. Positive results were recorded for soft tissue healing and post-operative pain and swelling following these procedures. However, outcomes of PRGF on new bone formation post extraction and on maxillary sinus augmentation when combined with other biomaterials were conflicting. Meta-analysis could not be conducted for any variables due to the heterogeneity of selected studies.
CONCLUSIONS : Limited evidence exists on the effects of PRGF in different intraoral bone grafting procedures, with some benefit reported on soft tissue healing and post-operative symptomatology. As this platelet concentrate is commonly used in clinical practice, further research is needed to fully assess its clinical indications and effectiveness.


Alveolar ridge augmentation,Maxillary sinus,Plasma rich in growth factors,Sinus floor augmentation,Tooth extraction,