Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate and H2 production by Rhodopseudomonas sp. S16-VOGS3 grown in a new generation photobioreactor under single or combined nutrient deficiency.

Affiliation

Institute of Research on Terrestrial Ecosystems, National Research Council, Madonna del Piano 10, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The main goal of this investigation was setting up a growth strategy to separate H2 evolution from P3HB synthesis in order to increase cumulative P3HB in Rhodopseudomonas cells. The accumulation of poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (P3HB) was investigated culturing Rhodopseudomonas sp. S16-VOGS3 with three carbon substrates either as acetate, butyrate or lactate and with two nitrogen sources either as ammonium or glutamate. The investigation was carried out under several stress conditions caused by single or double nutrient deficiency. The content of P3HB in cell dry weight (CDW) was 21.8% with lactate; 24.6% with acetate and 27.6% with butyrate under sulfur deficient conditions. The P3HB content increased significantly culturing Rhodopseudomonas sp. S16-VOGS3 with butyrate following three phases of growth: phase-1, nutrient sufficient conditions; phase-2, nitrogen-deficiency and phase-3, sulfur-deficient conditions. Under this last phase, the highest P3HB content was achieved (34.4% of CDW). A combined production of P3HB and molecular H2 was obtained when Rhodopseudomonas sp. S16-VOGS3 was cultured with either acetate or butyrate under nitrogen sufficiency (glutamate) or nitrogen deficiency.

Keywords

Bioplastics,Nutrient deficiency,Photo-fermentative process,Photobioreactor,Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate,Rhodopseudomonas sp. S16-VOGS3,

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