Laboratório de Genética e Biodiversidade, Departamento de Genética e Morfologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade de Brasília, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil. [Email]
Brazil is one of the major contributors to international trade in wildlife and species of the bird genus Sporophila are currently under threat due to illegal trade. Microsatellite loci and mitochondrial DNA constitute important molecular markers for population genetics studies and parentage analyses, and hold great potential to help authorities manage illegal trafficking and control commercial breeders. We describe and characterize 19 polymorphic microsatellite loci and recover part of the mitochondrial genome for Sporophila angolensis using massive parallel sequencing with the Illumina platform. DNA sequencing resulted in a dataset with 2,379,295 paired reads, of which 392 were mapped to the mitogenome of S. maximiliani, resulting in a partial mitogenome of 16,785 bp for S. angolensis. The microsatellite search identified a total of 4737 loci, from which 27 primer pairs were tested on 24 individuals of unknown geographic origin. Nineteen of the 27 loci were successfully amplified and exhibited high levels of genetic variation, with a mean of 11.2 alleles per locus, a mean observed heterozygosity of 0.588 and a mean expected heterozygosity of 0.852. About half of the loci showed significant evidence for the presence of a null allele and significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium; the remaining eight loci had high paternity exclusion probabilities and low identity probabilities. The high levels of polymorphism for these loci, as well as their high paternity exclusion probability and low identity probability, indicate that they hold potential for parentage analyses and population genetics studies of S. angolensis.