Population Pharmacokinetics of Doripenem in Pediatric Patients and Monte-Carlo Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Simulations for Dosing Regimen Assessment.

Affiliation

Clinical Pharmacology & Pharmacokinetics, Project Management Department, Shionogi & Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The aims of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of doripenem (Finibax®, Doribax®, S-4661), a parenteral carbapenem antibiotic, in pediatric patients based on concentrations of doripenem in plasma after administration of 20 mg/kg 2 or 3 times daily and to evaluate the dosing regimens by using Monte-Carlo pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic simulations. Population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed by using 190 plasma concentrations of doripenem from 99 patients (2 months-13 years old). The two-compartment model well described the doripenem plasma concentrations in pediatric patients. Body weight was found to be the most significant influential factor. Gender was also found to be a significant covariate although the effect was relatively small. Monte-Carlo simulations indicated that 20 mg/kg over 1 h infusion would give 90% probability of target attainment for 40% of time above minimum inhibitory concentration against Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae, major causative pathogens in pediatric infections, and that 40 mg/kg, the highest approved dose for Japanese pediatric patients, administered over 3 h infusion achieved 98.6% against 8 μg/mL. The developed population pharmacokinetic model of doripenem and Monte-Carlo simulations for pediatric patients should provide useful information for understanding the pharmacokinetic and pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic characteristics of doripenem and for optimal treatment of pediatric patients.

Keywords

Monte Carlo,antiinfectives,clinical pharmacokinetics,doripenem,pediatric,pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics,