Porous iron material for TcO4- and ReO4- sequestration from groundwater under ambient oxic conditions.


Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC, 29808, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Technetium-99 (99Tc) is a major contaminant at nuclear power plants and several US Department of Energy sites. Its most common aqueous species, pertechnetate (TcO4-), is very mobile in the environment, and currently there are no effective technologies for its sequestration. In this work, a porous iron (pFe) material was investigated for TcO4- and perrhenate (ReO4-) sequestration from artificial groundwater. The pFe was significantly more effective than granular iron for both TcO4- and ReO4- sequestration under oxic conditions. The Tc removal capacity was 27.5 mg Tc/g pFe at pH ˜6.8, while the Re removal capacity was 23.9 mg Re/g pFe at pH ˜10.6. Tc K-edge XANES and EXAFS analyses indicated that the removed Tc species was 70-80% Tc(IV) that was likely incorporated into Fe corrosion products (i.e., Fe(OOH), Fe3O4) and 20-30% unreduced TcO4-. In contrast, the removed Re species was ReO4- only, without detectable Re(IV). In addition, the sequestered ReO4- was not extracted (<3%) by 0.1 M Na2SO4 and 1 M KI solution, which indicated that ReO4- and by chemical analogy, unreduced TcO4-, was likely incorporated into Fe corrosion products. This inexpensive pFe material may be applied to the sequestration and stabilization of 99TcO4- from contaminated environments and nuclear waste streams.


Perrhenate,Pertechnetate,Porous iron,Synchrotron XANES and EXAFS,

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