Post-stroke pain caused by peripheral sensory hypersensitization after transient focal cerebral ischemia in rats.

Affiliation

Pain & Neuroscience, Discovery Research Laboratories for Core Therapeutic Areas, Shionogi & Co., Ltd., 1-1 Futaba-cho, 3-chome, Toyonaka, Osaka 561-0825, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The mechanisms underlying central post-stroke pain are not well understood and there is no satisfactory treatment. Here, in a rat model of stroke, we measured nociceptive threshold using current stimulation of primary afferent neurons in both hind paws. Male Wistar rats underwent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 50 min. Nociceptive thresholds for Aβ, Aδ and C fiber stimulation (at 2000, 250, and 5 Hz, respectively, using a Neurometer), and neurological deficits, were measured for 23 days after MCAO. Sensory thresholds in both hind paws were significantly lower in MCAO model rats than in control rats for 23 days after MCAO, with the greatest difference seen in Aδ fibers and the smallest in C fibers. Brain infarct area was measured histologically, and the correlation between neurological deficit and infarct size was examined. Neurological deficits were worse in animals with larger infarcts. Furthermore, correlations were observed between infarct size, neurological deficit, and sensory threshold of Aδ fibers 1 day after MCAO. These findings indicate that rats develop hyperalgesia after MCAO and that sensory abnormalities in Aδ fibers after cerebral ischemia may play an important role in post-stroke pain.

Keywords

Central post-stroke pain (CPSP),Cerebral ischemia,Hyperalgesia,MCAO,Neurometer,

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