Potassium triiodide-quenched gold nanocluster as a fluorescent turn-on probe for sensing cysteine/homocysteine in human serum.

Affiliation

Department of Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, University of Kerala, Kariavattom, Trivandrum, Kerala, 695581, India. [Email]

Abstract

A fluorescent sensing platform using KI3-quenched bovine serum albumin stabilized gold nanoclusters has been designed and used as a fluorescent probe for the turn-on detection of homocysteine/cysteine (Cys/Hcy). The fluorescence of gold nanoclusters was quenched by iodine. The fluorescence of quenched gold nanoclusters was effectively switched on by Cys/Hcy devoid of the interference of glutathione. The transmission electron microscopy image, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, time-correlated single photon counting analysis, and dynamic light scattering data confirmed the aggregation-induced quenching of fluorescence of gold nanoclusters by iodine. The turn-on response of Cys/Hcy shows two linear ranges from 0.0057 to 5 μM and from 8 to 25 μM, with a limit of detection of 9 nM for cysteine and 12 nM for homocysteine. Real samples were analyzed to monitor Cys/Hcy added to human serum. The fluorescence turn-on response of the probe on a paper strip in the presence of Cys/Hcy was studied. Graphical abstract ᅟ.

Keywords

Bovine serum albumin,Cysteine,Fluorescence turn on,Gold nanocluster,Homocysteine,Iodine,