Predictors of cardiac arrhythmic events in non coronary artery disease patients.

Affiliation

Cardiology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria S. Anna di Ferrara, via A. Moro 8, Ferrara-Cona, FE, Italy. [Email]

Abstract

Arrhythmic sudden cardiac death (SCD) represents a major worldwide public health problem accounting for 15-20% of deaths. Risk stratification to identify patients at risk of SCD is crucial in order to implement preventive measures in the general population. Several biomarkers have been tested exploring different pathophysiological mechanisms of cardiac conditions. Conflicting results have been described limiting so far their use in clinical practice. The use of new biomarkers such as microRNAs and sex hormones and the emerging role of genetic on risk prediction of SCD is a current research topic showing promising results.This review outlines the role of plasma biomarkers to predict ventricular arrhythmias and SCD in non coronary artery disease with a special focus on their relationship with the genetic biomarkers.

Keywords

Biomarkers,Genetic testing,Prevention,Sudden cardiac death,