Preparation and Characterization of Hydrophobically Grafted Starches by In Situ Solid Phase Polymerization.

Affiliation

College of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004, Hunan, China. [Email]

Abstract

Three kinds of hydrophobic groups grafted starches of maleic anhydride grafted starch (MAH-g-starch), lactic acid grafted starch (LA-g-starch), and methyl acrylate grafted starch (MA-g-starch) were prepared by in situ solid phase polymerization. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed successful grafting. The grafting ratios of MAH-g-starch, LA-g-starch, and MA-g-starch were 6.50%, 12.45%, and 0.57%, respectively. Influenced by the grafting ratio, LA-g-starch had the best relative hydrophobicity and the largest molecular weight, and those for MA-g-starch were the worst. The surfaces of grafted starches were covered with graft polymer, with obvious surface roughness and bond degree of MAH-g-starch and LA-g-starch. The crystalline structure of grafted starches showed some damage, with LA-g-starch exhibiting the greatest decrease in crystallinity, and less of a change for MA-g-starch. Overall, the grafting reaction improved thermoplasticity, with LA-g-starch the most improved, followed by MAH-g-starch, and then MA-g-starch.

Keywords

corn starch,hydrophobic modification,in situ solid phase polymerization,lactic acid,maleic anhydride,methyl acrylate,

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