Production, characterization and biotechnological potential of lipopeptide biosurfactants from a novel marine Bacillus stratosphericus strain FLU5.

Affiliation

Laboratory of Environmental Bioprocesses, Centre of Biotechnology of Sfax, University of Sfax, PO Box 1177, 3018 Sfax, Tunisia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

This work aimed at studying the potential of a new hydrocarbonoclastic marine bacterium, Bacillus stratosphericus FLU5, to produce an efficient surface-active agent BS-FLU5. Biosurfactant production was examined on different carbon sources; using the surface tension measurement and the oil displacement test. Strain FLU5 showed its capacity to produce biosurfactants from all tested substrates, in particular the residual frying oil, which is a cheap renewable carbon source alternative, thus minimizing the high cost of producing those surfactants. MALDI-TOF MS/MS analysis confirmed the presence of lipopeptides, which are identified as members of surfactin and pumilacidin series. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) of the purified lipopeptides produced by strain FLU5 was 50 mg/l. At this concentration, the surface tension of the water was reduced from 72 to 28 mN/m. Furthermore, the crude lipopeptides showed an interesting stability against a broad range of pH, temperature and salinity. In addition, the application of BS-FLU5 in oil recovery from hydrocarbons-contaminated soil (used motor oil) showed that it was more effective on the hydrocarbon-remobilization than some tested synthetic surfactants. Interestingly, the biosurfactant BS-FLU5 showed a negligible cytotoxic effect against the mammalian cells HEK293. These results highlight the applicability of the lipopeptides BS-FLU5 in different fields, especially in environmental remediation processes.

Keywords

Bacillus stratosphericus,Biosurfactants,Hydrocarbon bioremediation,Lipopeptides,Toxicity,