Prognostic values of inhibitory κB kinases mRNA expression in human gastric cancer.

Affiliation

Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China [Email]

Abstract

Background: Inhibitory κB kinases (IKKs) play a key role in modulating proinflammatory and growth stimulating signals through their regulation of the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) cascade. Therefore, the level of expression of IKKs represents a viable prognostic predictor with regard to various pathological processes. The prognostic value of IKKs expression in gastric cancer remains unclear. Methods: We used the 'Kaplan-Meier plotter' (KM plotter) online database, to explore the predictive prognostic value of individual IKKs members' mRNA expression to overall survival (OS) in different clinical data including pathological staging, histology, and therapies employed. Results: Our results revealed that a higher mRNA expression of inhibitor of NF-κB kinase subunit α (IKKα) was correlated to better OS, whereas higher mRNA expression of IKKβ, inhibitor of NF-κB kinase subunit γ (IKKγ), inhibitor of NF-κB kinase subunit ε (IKKε), and suppressor of IKKε (SIKE) were generally correlated to unfavorable OS in gastric cancer. Increased mRNA expression of IKKε also showed better outcomes in stage IV gastric cancer. Further a correlation between elevated levels of mRNA expression of both IKKε and SIKE was found to have favorable OS in diffuse type gastric cancer. It was also revealed that high expression of SIKE had favorable OS when treated with other adjuvant therapies, while worse OS when treated only with 5FU therapy. Conclusion: Our results suggest that mRNA expression of individual IKKs and SIKE are associated with unique prognostic significance and may act as valuable prognostic biomarkers and potential targets for future therapeutic interventions in gastric cancer.

Keywords

Gene Expression Omnibus,Inhibitory kappa B Kinases,gastric cancer,nuclear factor kappa B,prognosis,